We are very happy to announce the next talk in the Phonology Colloquium, which will take place on Wednesday, April 17, 4 – 6 pm in IG 4.301.
Natalie Boll-Avetisyan (Universiy of Potsdam) will present „Prosody for speech processing: Determinants of variability and stability“.
Prosody provides important cues for speech segmentation and lexical access, and it is a well-established finding that listeners make use of prosodic information during speech processing (Cutler, Dahan, & Donselaar, 1997). However, prosody in the speech signal is variable: First, it is subject to cross-linguistic variation. Moreover, it is acoustically highly variable, both within and between speakers. This raises the question of how listeners deal with this variability in language acquisition and speech perception. Are there determinants of stability in prosody perception?
In this talk, I will present a series of prosody perception experiments we have carried out with different populations (infants and adults, mono- and bilinguals, with or without (a risk for) developmental dyslexia) to explore these questions. Results of our studies suggest that there is individual variability in prosody perception that relates to both external factors such as language experience, but also to internal factors such as musical acuity. Beyond this variability, we find consistency that can be explained if we assume an influence of universal biases (i.e., rhythmic principles such as the Iambic/Trochaic law and Stress Clash Avoidance).
I will discuss how the interaction of these determinants of variability and stability may influence the process of language acquisition and settle individuals’ speech perception routines.
You are cordially invited!