Talk by Markus Werning (Ruhr University Bochum), Thursday 2nd, 4-6 pm

We are very happy to announce the next talk in the Semantic Colloquium, which will take place on Thursday, May 2, 4 – 6 pm in IG 4.301. Markus Werning (Ruhr University Bochum) will present „Bayesian Pragmatics and the Contextual Modulation of Word Meanings in Online Comprehension: A Quantitative Model of EEG and Cloze data“. Abstract: We contrast three quantitative models to explain the contextual modulations of word meanings and how they affect the probabilistic predictions on the completion of a discourse. How words are semantically understood by a listener can not only be studied from the point of view of compositionality, i.e., by asking what they contribute to the truth-conditions the listener recognizes the speaker to express when the latter has uttered a sentence. Word meanings can also be studied by looking at their dynamic effects, i.e., asking in which way they influence the listener’s predictions about the truth-conditions the speaker is going to express when completing the sentence. The Semantic Similarity...
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Talk by Ora Matushansky, Thursday 25th, 4-6 pm

We are very happy to announce the first talk in the Semantic Colloquium, which will take place on Thursday, April 25, 4 – 6 pm in IG 4.301. Ora Matushansky (Paris/Utrecht) will present „Doing without“. Abstract: Caritive PPs (without X) are characterized by their ability to appear without an article in Romance and Germanic, raising the question of the semantic type of their complement, which is likely to be kind-denoting. In addition, caritive PPs systematically introduce the presupposition that the absent entity should have been present at some level of reality. Whereas the latter fact can be handled by assuming that the complement of without is relational, this hypothesis runs into problems given the kind-denotation hypothesized to deal with the lack of the article. I will discuss a way of resolving this conflict and the theories advanced to deal with similar issues.   You are cordially invited!...
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Talk by Natalie Boll-Avetisyan, Wednesday 17th, 4-6 pm

We are very happy to announce the next talk in the Phonology Colloquium, which will take place on Wednesday, April 17, 4 – 6 pm in IG 4.301. Natalie Boll-Avetisyan (Universiy of Potsdam) will present „Prosody for speech processing: Determinants of variability and stability“. Abstract: Prosody provides important cues for speech segmentation and lexical access, and it is a well-established finding that listeners make use of prosodic information during speech processing (Cutler, Dahan, & Donselaar, 1997). However, prosody in the speech signal is variable: First, it is subject to cross-linguistic variation. Moreover, it is acoustically highly variable, both within and between speakers. This raises the question of how listeners deal with this variability in language acquisition and speech perception. Are there determinants of stability in prosody perception? In this talk, I will present a series of prosody perception experiments we have carried out with different populations (infants and adults, mono- and bilinguals, with or without (a risk for) developmental dyslexia) to explore these questions....
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Talk by Tom Roeper, Tuesday 16th, 4-6pm

We are very happy to announce the next talk in the GK Colloquium, which will take place on Tuesday, April 16, 4 – 6 pm in SH 0.104. Tom Roeper (University of Massachusetts) will present "How abstract are real Mental Representations? Searching for the right formulation of recursion in language and Math if they emerge together on the developmental path.". Abstract: Recent work in Minimalism (Chomsky (2013)) has proposed definitions of recursion that are abstract: word order is captured by Externalization, and self-embedding by Indirect Recursion of abstract categories. These formulations can also capture both recursive adjective formation and the recursive indirect embedding of the 1-9 system among multipliers of ten, hundred and thousand. Several new experiments in English and Chinese provide Initial evidence that there are empirical correlations in children between 4-7 years between these stages and the emergence of recursion in possessives and Adjective phrases up to four levels (big little big little boxes). You are cordially invited!...
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